Can Challenging Classes Also be Enjoyed? 

Because enjoyment of academics increases intrinsic motivation, it also has 
the potential to facilitate learning. However, an optimal learning 
environment is not only enjoyable but also challenges students to fully use 
and improve their skills. We examined the relationships between challenge 
and enjoyment in fifth-grade mathematics classrooms. Results indicate that 
provision of choice positively affects enjoyment, and interest in the 
material mediates the relationship between challenge and enjoyment. Thus, 
challenging learning environments can also be enjoyable, provided the 
material fits studentsí interests and goals.

See published articles by Subject    or    join editorial staff.