Academic Exchange Quarterly
Summer 2000   ISSN 1096-1453   Volume 4, Issue 2


Professional Development Needs Assessment for Secondary Vocational and Technical Education Teachers Related to Students with Special Needs   pp.33-42
by Samuel E. Cotton

Tables 1-6

Table 1, Section 1: Demographic Data

Attributes						Percentage Responding


Is a current vocational license held?
	Yes							93.4%		
	No							6.4%	

What license(s) are held? (More than one may apply)
	Occupational Specialist					33.8%	
	Standard Vocational					47.1%	
	Standard Academic					21.1%	
	Cooperative Coordinator Endorsement			13.3%	

How many years as teacher?
	1 Yr							5.3%			
	2-5							9.9%			
	6-10							20.1%
	11-15							16.9%
	> 15							47.6%	
		
Major program area.
	Agriscience						7.4%		
	Business						13.5%	
	Health Occupations					5.3%		
	Family and Consumer Science				20.9%	
	Marketing						4.7%		
	Trade and Industry					42.1%	


How many credit hours of post-secondary training
in special populations topics?
	None							48.6%		
	3 or less						20.4%		
	4-6							13.4%
	7-12							6.4%	
	> 12							10.0%
	
How many clock hours of seminars, workshops, 
or other in-service in special populations topics?
	None							25.4%		
	15 or less   						46.3%		
	16-44							19.2%
	45-90							4.5%	
	> 90							3.2%	

Are you familiar with IEP's 
(Individualized Education Plan/Program)?
	Yes							48.2%		
	Vaguely							32.6%	
				No							19.0%		
How many time have you participated in preparing an IEP?
	None							63.1%		
	Once							9.7%			
	2-4							12.0%	
	5-10							5.9%	
	>10							78.0%


In the future, would you be interested in participating 
in additional training in the area of special populations?
	Yes							54.5%		
	No							9.9%	
	Undecided						34.3%


Table 2, Section 2: General Skills

Skill or knowledge measure	1	2	3	4	5	M	SD

Adapting teaching methods 
	to learning styles.	2.9%	9.3%	38.9%	31.9%	16.3%	3.50	.97
Using support services 
	(counselors etc.)	2.5%	8.9%	29.3%	32.4%	26.7%	3.73	1.03
Teaching required 
	generalizable skills.	4.7%	12.1%	33.5%	29.3%	19.6%	3.47	1.09
Creating a suitable environment 
	for all students.	0.6%	5.1%	19.4%	40.2%	34.0%	4.02	.89
Adapting materials to meet 
	individual needs.	3.4%	12.0%	27.9%	37.0%	18.9%	3.57	1.04	
Using parents...to supplement 
	instructional efforts.	11.8%	22.2%	35.3%	20.7%	9.3%	2.93	1.13
Assisting in writing an IEP.    35.2%	19.3%	24.8%	12.8%	6.8%	2.36	1.27
Adapting activities to meet 
	requirements in IEP.	17.6%	16.1%	33.9%	22.9%	7.4%	2.86	1.18
Using community resources to 
	supplement instruction.	8.3%	15.2%	31.3%	29.0%	15.7%	3.29	1.15	
Complying with laws regarding 
	special populations.	9.5%	11.0%	24.1%	29.0%	24.7%	3.49	1.25
Identifying material, equipment,
	or service... funded	
	by outside sources.	21.4%	21.6%	27.7%	17.8%	9.1%	2.71	1.30
Identifying and assessing 
	special student needs.	11.6%	19.6%	34.0%	24.1%	10.1%	3.02	1.15	
Delivering appropriate instruction 
	to all students.	1.3%	6.1%	27.8%	38.4%	25.7%	3.82	.93
Assessing the effectiveness 
	of the instructional 
	materials & activities.	3.4%	8.3%	31.6%	38.4%	16.7%	3.58	.98	
Planning and preparing 
	specialized instructional 
	materials and lessons.	6.3%	16.1%	34.3%	29.6%	12.7%	3.27	1.08


Table 3, Section 3:  Self Analysis

Self analysis measure 		1	2	3	4	5	M	SD

How appropriate are 
	special populations 
	in your area?		8.0%	9.1%	30.9%	28.3%	22.6%	3.49	1.17	
How prepared do are you 
	in relation to special 
	populations?		9.1%	15.9%	36.4%	26.3%	11.4%	3.15	1.11	
How comfortable are you in 
	working with special 
	populations?		2.8%	11.4%	29.6%	34.2%	20.7%	3.59	1.03	
How important is additional 
	training in working with 
	special populations?	6.8%	7.8%	25.6%	27.5%	31.1%	3.69	1.19	


Table 4, Section 4: Teacher support

Support measure 		1	2	3	4	5	M	SD

How much support do you receive 
	from the special 
	needs staff?		12.5%	13.3%	24.3%	25.5%	22.8%	3.33	1.31
How much support do you receive 
	from administrators?	9.9%	14.4%	25.8%	28.8%	19.9%	3.35	1.23	
How much support do you 
	receive from the 
	local community?	18.6%	23.9%	33.2%	17.1%	5.5%	2.66	1.13	
How much support do you receive 
	from outside agencies.	28.8%	27.7%	27.5%	10.6%	2.3%	2.28	1.08	


Table 5, Section 5: Training Formats

Formats				1	2	3	4	5	M	SD

Individual advice from 
	consultants and/or 
	specialists.		3.0%	7.0%	48.2%	21.1%	17.8%	3.45	.97	
Individualized teacher 
	training materials.	4.2%	10.1%	36.2%	26.4%	20.5%	3.50	1.07	
Observations and/or conferences 
	with other teachers.	3.6%	7.8%	37.0%	30.9%	18.0%	3.53	1.00	
Workshops. (1 to 3 days)	9.9%	11.9%	33.0%	26.9%	15.9%	3.29	1.17
On-the-job experience 
	(internship.)		12.8%	17.1%	31.8%	20.9%	13.7%	3.06	1.22
In-service seminars.		5.5%	8.3%	33.8%	29.2%	20.3%	3.52	1.09
College credit course.		29.2%	18.7%	23.1%	13.8%	12.0%	2.59	1.37


Table 6, Section 6: Training Schedules

Times				1	2	3	4	5	M	SD

Professional days.		5.8%	4.5%	24.1%	24.1%	38.3%	3.89	1.17
Mornings before school.		50.3%	14.4%	18.6%	8.5%	4.3%	1.98	1.21
Afternoons after school.	39.1%	16.1%	28.8%	8.0%	4.3%	2.19	1.19
Evenings.			49.7%	18.6%	19.3%	5.9%	2.8%	1.90	1.10
Weekends.			65.8%	14.6%	11.6%	2.5%	1.7%	1.54	.93
Summer - weekdays.		32.64%	14.4%	29.4%	11.2%	9.1%	2.48	1.31
Special release time 
	during school.		7.0%	5.5%	30.7%	21.1%	32.4%	3.69	1.23