The requirements for earning teaching degrees vary by state, as each state is sanctioned with the responsibility of establishing its own standards for education within its jurisdiction. Nevertheless, teaching degrees everywhere are pretty similar.
Teaching degrees do vary, of course, based upon the grade level a person wants to teach. The level of communications, even the social interactions, will be different as the age group changes with the grades. Teaching a first grader is entirely different from teaching a high school student.
And while teaching degrees in general are all that's needed to qualify a graduate to sit for his or her state's licensing exam, a minor degree in a specific field of study other than education can come in very handy, too.
For example, people with teaching degrees but who also have a minor degree, or at least a heavy emphasis, in another field of study such as science, math, or music, for instance, are qualified to teach those subjects. Many specific fields of study, and the teaching of them after graduation, often require a specific state exam that pertains to those particular fields of study, depending upon the state in which the teacher will be working.
Teaching degrees are a good start for people interested in teaching special education programs but there's some very specialized training that is required as well. It's often required that school teachers of this specialty have specialized educations themselves, including a master's degree, in many instances.
Regardless of which state school teachers earn their teaching degrees, all of them are trained under the guidelines established by the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education or the Teacher Education Accreditation Council.
One attractive feature of the standardized education is that people with teaching degrees who are licensed to teach in one state have very little problem getting licensed in another if relocation is required.